Demonstration of CC. OO. and UGT the First of May, Madrid, 1st May 1978
Ana Belén, Rosa León, Juan Antonio Bardem, Santiago Carrillo and Juan Diego singing La Internacional, high fist, at the PCE party; Torrelodones (Madrid), 12 June 1977. Courtesy of Marisa Flórez
Gustavo Catalán Deus
Young people at a public meeting of Fuerza Nueva, at Plaza de las Ventas, Madrid, 10 June 1977.
Antonio Pedrol Rius, president of the Colegio de Abogados de Madrid, leaning over the coffins of the murdered labor lawyers, Madrid, 26 January 1977. Courtesy of Marisa Flórez
Funeral of the lawyers murdered at Atocha, Madrid, 26 January 1977
Funeral for the victims of the Vitoria incidents, 5 March 196
Guardia Civil car after mortal terror attacks at two branch offices of Caja Postal de Ahorros, Madrid, 29 January 1977
Adolfo Suárez campaigning in Córdoba, 1979
Dolores Ibárruri and Rafael Alberti at the Congreso de los Diputados, during the constitution of the first democratic courts after the elections of 15 June, Madrid, 13 July 1977
Caseta particular (private booth), 1978
La Ventana group during the festivities of Dos de Mayo at Malasaña, Madrid, 1977
Kiosk the day Franco died, 20 November 1975
08 August, 2019 - 29 September, 2019
Palacete del Embarcadero, Santander
Curated: Archivo Lafuente
La Transición, the transition to democracy, is, without a doubt, one of the most important moments of the Spanish history of the 20th century, a period of great complexity in which a slow, agreed political and legal process occurred and by which Spain ceased being a dictatorship to transform —with the Constitution of 1978 as the supreme regulation, into a democratic regime in the form of a parliamentary monarchy under the reign of Juan Carlos I.
Little more than 40 years have passed from the beginning of La Transición and, until a recent past, that stage was considered an unquestionable success in which played a decisive role several factors. Among them were the social change, the follow-up of the reformist channel, the commitment to consensus and reconciliation, the role of the Crown, the understanding of the political class and the foreign context.
Nevertheless, nowadays there are historiographic proposals and different approaches in the political sphere that question the success of the Spanish transition and propose a critical revision of its history, putting the spotlight on its shadows and weaknesses.
A few months after the commemoration of the 40th anniversary of the Constitución of 1978, Archivo Lafuente (together with the Autoridad Portuaria de Santander and Universidad Internacional Menéndez Pelayo) shows a selection of photography about La Transición that is part of several of its fonds, where the fond Tino Calabuig stands out because of its contribution. The other fonds of Archivo Lafuente, to where the displayed images belong, are Ajoblanco - Pepe Ribas, Jordi Socías, Cúpula Venus - Joan Estrada, Miguel Logroño, Nazario, Alberto Corazón and El Cubri. Besides the contribution of the Archivo, it must be remarked the special contribution of Agencia Efe and Marisa Flórez, who has lent some of her emblematic images for this exhibition.
In “Secuencias de la Transición” –organized in five big blocks: “La calle en marcha”, “La matanza de Atocha”, “La hora de la política”, “Los días más negros” and “Tiempo de cambios”–, photographies have being treated as if they were frames of a film. The intention is to offer a panoramic approach to the complexity of that moment of our history, focusing on some of its protagonists, on certain relevant events, on the conflict and violence of these days, and over all, on the Spanish society as the main character of that historical process that today still marks our present.