COLLECTION / 1900-1945 / Spain / Avant-Garde Spanish Literature

630 publications and documents.

The term ’avant-garde literature’ was coined during the First World War (1914-1918) to designate a series of artistic concerns that were at the cultural forefront of the time. Avant-gardism signified one of the greatest moments of unity among European artists who sought to construct a new human type, a new culture and, therefore, a new society.

In Spanish avant-garde literature, three main periods can be delineated:

-The first manifestations (1908-1918), with Ramón Gómez de la Serna as the dominant figure and driving force at that time. -The birth of Ultraism and Creationism (1918-1925), with figures such as Rafael Cansinos Assens, Guillermo de Torre, Gerardo Diego and Juan Larrea. -The trend towards surrealism (in Spanish literature always nuanced and far from automatic writing) that ultimately manifests itself in a significant number of the authors of the so-called Generation of ’27.


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